The state still doesn’t have an exact figure on the number of Healthy Michigan recipients who could lose health coverage because of the work requirements recently enacted by the Legislature.
However, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services said it doesn’t expect more than 400,000 of the roughly 680,000 Healthy Michigan recipients to be affected by the 80 hours-per-month requirement that came with Sen. Mike Shirkey’s (R-Clarklake) SB 0897, signed into law by Gov. Rick Snyder in June.
That 400,000 number is based on subtracting from the total program population the number of people who are already meeting those hours, or are exempt from other work requirements posed by food assistance and cash assistance programs, DHHS spokesperson Bob Wheaton said.
Yet, Wheaton said the number impacted by the requirements could still be less than 400,000, because some may be exempt from the work requirements and some may already be working.
But the DHHS hasn’t been able to calculate how many people might be kicked off their health coverage for not complying with work requirements, a question posed to the state by House Minority Leader Sam Singh (D-East Lansing) July 31 during a public hearing on the DHHS’ proposed Healthy Michigan waiver.
Singh argued that because the state doesn’t have that data—or on how the work requirements would affect uncompensated care levels or how much it will cost the state to implement the changes, two other questions Singh posed to the state—the program changes don’t live up to their stated goals.
“The goals of this amendment really is supposedly, to improve access to healthcare for uninsured or underinsured low-income Michigan residents, also that we’re going to reduce uncompensated care,” Singh said to DHHS official Jackie Prokop, who gave a presentation on the waiver.
Prokop said DHHS staff is working on that and trying to get to a number. But Singh said that Prokop’s presentation and answers to his questions show that “Both of those things are not actually going to improve, they’re actually going to go in the opposite direction.”
Rep. Tom Cochran (D-Mason) also was at the hearing and spoke against the work requirements, which he called “social engineering.” And Rep. Christine Greig’s (D-Farmington Hills) name made it onto a letter sent to the state about House Democrats’ concerns over the waiver, according to a press release.
The DHHS is required by SB 0897 to submit a waiver to the feds outlining changes to Healthy Michigan that implement the work requirements and other requirements for some beneficiaries who have been on the program for 48 months.
If the feds reject the waiver, or the waiver is determined to be noncompliant with the state law, then the entire Healthy Michigan program will die, per state law, which was referred to as the program’s “kill switch” by some of the groups.
Other groups that spoke out included the Center for Civil Justice, the Michigan affiliate of the American Lung Association, the Michigan League for Public Policy and the Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service, all of which raised concerns of one degree or another with the changes to Healthy Michigan in the proposed waiver.
Under the proposed DHHS waiver, the work requirements wouldn’t be implemented until Jan. 1, 2020, and would require all Healthy Michigan beneficiaries aged 19 to 62 who aren’t already exempt to log an average of 80 hours a month of qualified work activities.
Among those qualified activities include education related to employment, job training, vocation training, internships, participation in a substance abuse disorder treatment program, and community service with a nonprofit, although the community service can only count for three months of work activity in a 12-month period.
There are a number of exemptions to the work requirements, including caretakers of a family member under age 6, pregnant women, beneficiaries of temporary or long-term disability benefits, the medically frail and people who had been incarcerated in the past six months, among other categories.
Beneficiaries will be expected to self-report these hours, and are allowed three months of noncompliance in a 12-month period. After that, the beneficiary’s eligibility would be suspended, and if anyone misrepresents his or her compliance with work requirements, they’d be barred from Healthy Michigan for a one-year period.
Yet Singh said he is “deeply concerned” about the waiver process, and that fears that this is “a backdoor way of kicking people off healthcare because they couldn’t do it in Washington, D.C.” a reference to congressional Republicans and President Donald Trump’s failed attempt to repeal the Affordable Care Act.
Singh and others at the hearing also mentioned a lawsuit that involved a judge throwing out a program waiver Kentucky submitted to the feds that had implemented work requirements on Medicaid.
While the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved the waiver, a federal judge said the administration acted in an “arbitrary and capricious” manner.
The argument from some is that Michigan’s waiver could face a similar legal fate if it follows through with the work requirements.
“Now that we have this information which could now jeopardize the entire program for all 655,000 people that are enrolled today, to me that’s something that this group needs to come back and let the Legislature know,” Singh said.
The new law and the waiver also put in requirements for Healthy Michigan beneficiaries above the federal poverty line who have been on the program for a cumulative 48 months.
They’d have to meet requirements for healthy behaviors and must meet cost-sharing requirements—which amounts to 5 percent of their income—or get kicked off coverage, effective July 1, 2019.
Also, the new law takes away the option of sending Healthy Michigan beneficiaries above the poverty line who had not completed a healthy behavior to the marketplace for insurance.
The state had notified thousands of people this may happen earlier this year, but didn’t end up sending anyone to the marketplace, Prokop said.
Because of how the law had been structured, that would’ve cost the state even more money than keeping them on Healthy Michigan.
This story presented in cooperation with MIRS, a Lansing-based news and information service.